.NET Core 使用 HttpClient SSL 请求出错的解决办法

问题

使用 HTTP Client 请求 HTTPS 的 API 时出现 The certificate cannot be verified up to a trusted certification authority 异常,并且证书已经传入。

下面就是问题代码:

public class Program
{
	public static void Main(string[] args)
	{
		var url = @"https://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:xxxx/xxx-web/services/xxxx?wsdl";

		var handler = new HttpClientHandler
		{
			ClientCertificateOptions = ClientCertificateOption.Manual,
			ClientCertificates =
			{
				new X509Certificate2(@"E:\cert\rootTrust.cer","11111111"),
				new X509Certificate2(@"E:\cert\middleTrust.cer","11111111"),
				new X509Certificate2(@"E:\cert\wskey.pfx","ws654321")
			}
		};
		
		var webRequest = new HttpClient(handler);
		var result = webRequest.GetStringAsync(url).GetAwaiter().GetResult();
		Console.WriteLine(result);
	}
}

原因

因为在发出 HTTPS 请求的时候,HttpClient 都会检查 SSL 证书是否合法。如果不合法的话,就会导致抛出异常信息,而对方给出的证书是自签发的测试接口的证书,所以不是一个合法的 SSL 证书。

解决

HttpClientHandler 当中会有一个 ServerCertificateCustomValidationCallback 事件,该事件用于判定证书验证是否通过。我们可以挂接该事件,然后逻辑编写为直接返回 true 结果,这样就会忽略掉证书异常的情况。

最新的代码如下:

public class Program
{
	public static void Main(string[] args)
	{
		var url = @"https://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:xxxx/xxx-web/services/xxxx?wsdl";

		var handler = new HttpClientHandler
		{
			ServerCertificateCustomValidationCallback = (message, certificate2, arg3, arg4) => true, 
			ClientCertificateOptions = ClientCertificateOption.Manual,
			ClientCertificates =
			{
				new X509Certificate2(@"E:\cert\rootTrust.cer","11111111"),
				new X509Certificate2(@"E:\cert\middleTrust.cer","11111111"),
				new X509Certificate2(@"E:\cert\wskey.pfx","ws654321")
			}
		};
		
		var webRequest = new HttpClient(handler);
		var result = webRequest.GetStringAsync(url).GetAwaiter().GetResult();
		Console.WriteLine("xx");
	}
}